Dental Problems Caused by High Blood Sugar
Whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, you are probably aware that your blood sugar can affect many different aspects of your health. However, not all patients with diabetes are aware of the connection with their oral health. High blood sugar can trigger changes in your teeth and gums and increase your risk for certain dental health problems and significant long-term damage.
High blood sugar levels provide the ideal condition for the overgrowth of yeast organisms. Thrush is essentially an oral yeast infection, and it can be extremely uncomfortable. Good dental hygiene habits that include brushing, flossing and using an alcohol-free mouthwash are critical. White spots, irritation or sores indicate the need for further evaluation.
2. Gum disease
The increased susceptibility to infection and delayed healing that often accompany diabetes in general and hyperglycemia in particular mean that you may be at an increased risk of gum disease. This infection often begins with inflamed or bleeding gums, but it can quickly deteriorate into loose teeth, deteriorating jawbone and lost gum tissue. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is critical to your dental health.
3. Dry mouth
Dry mouth refers to insufficient saliva. It is an uncomfortable condition that can be linked to high blood sugar levels. If you have dry mouth, chewing sugar-free gum or sucking on sugar-free candies can help. A saliva replacement product may be necessary for patients who are unable to get relief or who have severe dry mouth.