Oral Piercing leading to Gum Disease

Oral Piercing leading to Gum DiseaseA popular trend among many teens and young adults is the addition of a piercing to the tongue, lip, or cheek area. Hundreds of piercing shops provide sterilized jewelry that is attractive to target demographics, but few young adults understand the dental consequences of an oral piercing.

Recent studies have shown that oral piercing can lead to oral diseases or infections. The sterilization of a professionally installed piercing does not decrease the risks of gum disease, excessive bleeding, or damage to the surrounding teeth and gum lines. A tongue piercing is inserted through the tongue making the tongue vulnerable for the penetration of plaque or oral bacterial growth. The bacteria can seep into the hole made by the piercing and cause oral disease to the tongue and mouth.

The steel barbells that are inserted into the tongue are continuously rubbed against the front teeth and back teeth. The strength of the steel has been found to damage or crack teeth due to repeated force inside of the mouth. Previous dental work such as porcelain crowns or caps can easily be damaged with constant contact with the steel barbell.

Frequent rubbing of the steel barbell against upper and lower teeth can cause gum reduction, known as localized gingival recession. The tongue forces pressure against the teeth causing the gum tissue to recede. The body absorbs the bone structure and teeth become loosened and are eventually lost.

The avoidance of oral piercing will increase the prevention against gum disease and oral complications.

Source: Dentist Northridge

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