What is Periodontitis?

What is Periodontitis

Periodontitis is the clinical name for advanced gum disease, a condition that can result in tooth loss and dangerous infections. Often the result of poor oral hygiene, periodontitis often requires clinical care for restoration of gum health. Here is more about this condition, how it differs from early gum disease and how it is treated.


Gingivitis to Periodontitis

Gingivitis, the early form of gum disease, involves inflammation, swelling and bleeding of the gums cause by bacterial attack. Over time, the bacteria create deep pockets between the teeth and the gums, allowing the condition to worsen more rapidly as bacteria and food build up in the spaces. As periodontitis progresses, both soft and bony tissues may be destroyed.


Treatments for Periodontitis

As the more advanced stage of gum disease, periodontitis requires more intensive treatments than gingivitis. Many cases of gingivitis respond well to improved oral hygiene, and some cases are reversed with deep cleaning. Periodontitis also calls for removal of accumulated bacteria, but the presence of pits complicates the task. As a result, our dentist may perform gum flap surgery, which involves making incisions in the gums in order to access the periodontal pockets. Destroyed soft tissue and bone may require grafting for restoration.


Diligent oral hygiene and regular check-ups and cleanings can help reduce risks of periodontal disease. After the condition develops, our periodontist can perform the treatments necessary to restore oral health. You can schedule a consultation at our office to learn more about periodontitis and how it is treated.


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